preventive measures to avoid the occurrence of burns

Domestic accidents can also happen in the garden and, in the summer, barbecue accidents are a risk to be taken into account. A convivial and tasty moment, the barbecue can however cause significant burns (embers, contact with the barbecue, with the grill, the flames, etc.) if a few precautions are not taken. “ Before using a barbecue, it is therefore vital to know and follow a few safety rules. “, would like to remind the association Assurance Prévention. The first reflexes apply even before using the barbecue, starting with checking its compliance with standards and carefully reading its instructions for use. The place chosen is also important since it is necessary to ensure that it is stable, to place it in an open place and sheltered from the wind: a safety perimeter of at least 1.50 m around the barbecue, and away from anything that can ignite (shrubs, dry grass, wood), why not a permanent cement or brick installation. Once the grilling is finished, it is advisable not to wait for the embers to burn themselves out, but to extinguish them with water or sand.

Vigilance is also required as soon as the device is turned on because to start your barbecue, you must avoid alcohol at all costs (flaming alcohol splashes are responsible for most accidents) or gasoline (prefer lighters). -solid fires), and never add lighter or inflammable liquid if the fire has already started, even on embers, at the risk of flashback. The attendant at the grill must use an apron and protective gloves (gloves) for all handling, avoiding synthetic materials. If this type of material is not available, it is better to avoid loose clothing, made of synthetic fabric, in favor of cotton clothing. While cooking, it is recommended that you use long-handled utensils to handle food and have a garden hose or sand nearby to put out the fire if necessary. Same advice from Assurance Prévention, which insists on the importance of “ provide a container of water nearby, in case of burns or fire. If the origin of the fire is grease or oil, use a powder extinguisher. Finally, cleaning the cooking grids is essential for both safety and hygiene reasons.

Skin burns: when to call the emergency services?

Also be careful if children are around: be careful to keep them away systematically when using a barbecue, without forgetting to store ignition products and tools used in the preparation of the dishes in a place where they cannot not reach them. Likewise, “ make sure that children do not play near the barbecue, especially ball games. », stresses Assurance Prévention. If despite all these precautions a case of burns occurs, the first steps of care to provide apply according to its severity. As explained by Health Insurance, the severity of a skin burn depends on both its depth (which is assessed on the appearance of the skin and its lesions) and its extent (estimated as a percentage of the body surface). Age is also an important factor to take into account: a skin burn is more serious when it occurs in children under 5 years old and in adults over 60 years old. The same goes for the existence of a chronic disease in the person burned, such as diabetes, heart or respiratory failure, chronic kidney disease, immunosuppression…

In the event of a superficial burn, the association recommends cooling the burned area by running temperate water (15 to 25°C) if it is small, for at least 15 minutes or as long as the burn is painful. Attention : “ if the clothes are stuck to the skin, do not remove them and run the water over them. If the burn is too extensive, do not apply this method at the risk of causing hypothermia. “, she points out. The advice of a doctor is also necessary before applying any treatment (anti-burn cream, etc.). The use of ice or icy water, which could further damage the skin, is prohibited. In the event of a serious burn, the other actions to apply are to remove the jewelry to avoid complications in the event of swelling of the burned area and to contact the emergency services immediately if the burn is deep, extensive, affects the face and if it concerns a child under 5 years old or over 5 years old in whom it affects more than 5% of the body surface. Note that according to Health Insurance, ” Healing usually occurs in about 2 to 3 weeks without sequelae for superficial 2nd degree burns, while deep 2nd degree burns leave scars. »

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